Dr.Chang BRIC 한.빛.사 Research Article
Biomaterials, Available online 28 September 2021, 121157 | https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biomaterials.2021.121157
Electromagnetized gold nanoparticles improve neurogenesis and cognition in the aged brain
Authors and Affiliations
Adult neurogenesis is the lifelong process by which new neurons are generated in the dentate gyrus. However, adult neurogenesis capacity decreases with age, and this decrease is closely linked to cognitive and memory decline. Our study demonstrated that electromagnetized gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) promote adult hippocampal neurogenesis, thereby improving cognitive function and memory consolidation in aged mice. According to single-cell RNA sequencing data, the numbers of neural stem cells (NSCs) and neural progenitors were significantly increased by electromagnetized AuNPs. Additionally, electromagnetic stimulation resulted in specific activation of the histone acetyltransferase Kat2a, which led to histone H3K9 acetylation in adult NSCs. Moreover, in vivo electromagnetized AuNP stimulation efficiently increased hippocampal neurogenesis in aged and Hutchinson-Gilford progeria mouse brains, thereby alleviating the symptoms of aging. Therefore, our study provides a proof-of-concept for the in vivo stimulation of hippocampal neurogenesis using electromagnetized AuNPs as a promising therapeutic strategy for the treatment of age-related brain diseases.
Keywords : Gold nanoparticles, Electromagnetized field, Neurogenesis, Neural stem cells, Aging